Assessing Prevalence and Trends in Obesity: Navigating the Evidence

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Assessing Prevalence and Trends in Obesity: Navigating the Evidence
Food and Nutrition Board; Health and Medicine Division; National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
NAS Press | 2016 | ISBN: 0309442710 9780309442718 | 301 pages | PDF | 5 MB
This volume examines the approaches to data collection, analysis, and interpretation that have been used in recent reports on obesity prevalence and trends at the national, state, and local level, particularly among U.S. children, adolescents, and young adults.

This issue offers a framework for assessing studies on trends in obesity, principally among children and young adults, for policy making and program planning purposes, and recommends ways decision makers and others can move forward in assessing and interpreting reports on obesity trends.

Obesity has come to the forefront of the American public health agenda. The increased attention has led to a growing interest in quantifying obesity prevalence and determining how the prevalence has changed over time.
Estimates of obesity prevalence and trends are fundamental to understanding and describing the scope of issue. Policy makers, program planners, and other stakeholders at the national, state, and local levels are among those who search for estimates relevant to their population(s) of interest to inform their decision-making.
The differences in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data have given rise to a body of evidence that is inconsistent and has created barriers to interpreting and applying published reports. As such, there is a need to provide guidance to those who seek to better understand and use estimates of obesity prevalence and trends.

Contents
Preface
Summary
1 Introduction
2 Context
3 Methodological Approaches to Data Collection
4 Comparison of Data Sources Used to Assess Obesity Prevalence and Trends
5 Analytic Approaches and Considerations
6 Framework for Assessing Prevalence and Trends in Obesity to Inform Decision Making
7 Conclusions and Recommendations
8 Future Directions for Filling Data Gaps
Appendix A: Acronyms and Glossary
Appendix B: Public Workshop Agenda
Appendix C: Literature Search Approach
Appendix D: Presentation of Findings
Appendix E: Committee Member Biographical Sketches
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